Lemon (Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck)–
Lemon a species of small evergreen in the Rutaceae family, traces its roots to the Himalayan foothills of North-eastern India. Archaeological evidence shows that Lemons have been cultivated for over 4,000 years.
According to a 2018 study in the journal Nature describes a new evolutionary framework for the genus Citrus which that traces its geographical growth along the earliest lines of human civilization.
Humans have propagated Lemons by grafting or budding for thousands of years and as a result more than 200 species of Citrus exist today, with several thousand varieties known. A striking fact when considering that prior to human cultivation, Citrus species were of three subtypes: Mandarin, Pomelo and Citron.
The name “lemon” is believed to come from the Persian “līmū”, an all-encompassing term for citrus fruit. The early references to it in Greek and Roman mythology stem from Persian lore and there is evidence of cultivation in the Middle East in the Mediterranean going back to at least 300 BC and the Silk Road trade. The Romans referred to Lemons as the “Median Apple.”
We know that lemon seeds were first transported to the Western Hemisphere by Columbus on his journey to the Caribbean island of Hispaniola and by the 18th century they had spread across the continent to California.
Lemons have been cultivated since ancient times for their beneficial properties, they are believed to support the immune system, and have cleansing properties.
Lemons are naturally acidic and when consumed they alkalize and balance the body’s natural PH levels. Many people consume lemon water first thing in the morning for its purported liver cleansing properties.
Lemons are also known to be have naturally occuring vitamin C, iron, calcium, vitamin-B’s, copper, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium and fiber. Lemons have other beneficial plant compounds such as hesperidin and diosmin.
“These statements are for informational purposes only. Alcoholic beverages are not health products by FDA and are no substitute for a healthy lifestyle and diet. People with medical conditions should consult their physician prior to consuming alcoholic beverages.